1. How do you find out what’s your shell? – echo $SHELL
  2. What’s the command to find out today’s date? – date
  3. What’s the command to find out users on the system? – who
  4. How do you find out the current directory you’re in? – pwd
  5. How do you remove a file? – rm
  6. How do you remove a – rm -rf
  7. How do you find out your own username? – whoami
  8. How do you send a mail message to somebody? – mail somebody@wikiconsole.com -s ‘Your subject’ -c ‘cc@wikiconsole.com‘
  9. How do you count words, lines and characters in a file? – wc
  10. How do you search for a string inside a given file? – grep string filename
  11. How do you search for a string inside a directory? – grep string *
  12. How do you search for a string in a directory with the subdirectories recursed? – grep -r string *
  13. What are PIDs? – They are process IDs given to processes. A PID can vary from 0 to 65535.
  14. How do you list currently running process? – ps
  15. How do you stop a process? – kill pid
  16. How do you find out about all running processes? – ps -ag
  17. How do you stop all the processes, except the shell window? – kill 0
  18. How do you fire a process in the background? – ./process-name &
  19. How do you refer to the arguments passed to a shell script? – $1, $2 and so on. $0 is your script name.
  20. What’s the conditional statement in shell scripting? – if {condition} then … fi
  21. How do you do number comparison in shell scripts? – -eq, -ne, -lt, -le, -gt, -ge
  22. How do you test for file properties in shell scripts? – -s filename tells you if the file is not empty, -f filename tells you whether the argument is a file, and not a directory, -d filename tests if the argument is a directory, and not a file, -w filename tests for writeability, -r filename tests for readability, -x filename tests for executability
  23. How do you do Boolean logic operators in shell scripting? – ! tests for logical not, -a tests for logical and, and -o tests for logical or.
  24. How do you find out the number of arguments passed to the shell script? – $#
  25. What’s a way to do multilevel if-else’s in shell scripting? – if {condition} then {statement} elif {condition} {statement} fi
  26. How do you write a for loop in shell? – for {variable name} in {list} do {statement} done
  27. How do you write a while loop in shell? – while {condition} do {statement} done
  28. How does a case statement look in shell scripts? – case {variable} in {possible-value-1}) {statement};; {possible-value-2}) {statement};; esac
  29. How do you read keyboard input in shell scripts? – read {variable-name}
  30. How do you define a function in a shell script? – function-name() { #some code here return }
  31. How does getopts command work? – The parameters to your script can be passed as -n 15 -x 20. Inside the script, you can iterate through the getopts array as while getopts n:x option, and the variable $option contains the value of the entered option.